Employment of Women in Engineering

Over time, more females have entered STEM occupations. While the life sciences have seen an overall reduction in the gender gap, the percentage of women in engineering has slightly increased.

title Employment - employment

In 2019, 31% of women with a STEM Bachelor’s degree entered STEM occupations. Of those, 8.9% worked in engineering occupations whereas 20.9% of men with similar educational attainment worked in engineering occupations (Digest of Education Statistics, 2019).

Men and Women Employed in STEM

Employment by Discipline

The percentage of female engineers and computer professionals varies by specialization. Only 8% of mechanical engineers are female compared to 29% of environmental engineers. In the computer industry, only 18% of software developers and 28% of computer and information research scientists are women.

title Employment - employment


Employment of Women of Color

Among 25- to 34-year-olds with a STEM bachelor’s degree, the proportion of women employed in engineering and computing occupations is lower than that of men of the same racial/ethnic background. Moreover, the proportion of Black and Hispanic women is more than two times lower than that of white men.

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SWE Efforts to Increase Representation of Women of Color in the Engineering and Computer Science Workforce

Additional Resources