Tenure/Tenure-Track Faculty Levels

Tenure/Tenure-Track Faculty

Female tenure/tenure-track faculty are not as well-represented at the highest levels of tenure when compared to their male counterparts. As of 2019, only 35.2% of female tenure/tenure-track faculty were classified as Full Professors, compared with 50.7% of male tenure/tenure-track faculty.

Tenure TenureTrack Faculty by Gender
Source: Roy, J. (2020). Engineering by the numbers 2019. American Society for Engineering Education. Washington, DC.

Faculty Salaries

The most recent NCSES Survey of Doctorate Recipients (2017) shows that the median salary for women faculty in computer and information sciences was lower than that of their male peers at each faculty level. A similar trend in persistent gender gap in median salaries, which favors men, was also observed among engineering faculty across most faculty levels. The only notable exception was among engineering associate professors, where the median salary for women engineering faculty was higher than that of male faculty members at this rank.

Faculty Salaries by Gender Field Rank

Faculty by Discipline

On average, only 18.1% of tenure/tenure-track faculty in U.S. colleges of engineering are women. Life science-related disciplines have the largest percentages of female tenure/tenure-track faculty, with about 1 in 4 tenure/tenure-track faculty being female. Aerospace engineering has the lowest inclusion of female faculty, where less than 12% of tenure/tenure-track faculty are female.

Tenure TenureTrack Faculty by Discipline
Source: Roy, J. (2020). Engineering by the numbers 2019. American Society for Engineering Education. Washington, DC.

Faculty by Academic Position

Among doctoral scientists and engineers employed in universities and four-year colleges, women are underrepresented at various academic positions and levels. In 2019, women represented about 36% of deans, department heads, and chairs at these institutions. Similarly, they represented about 36% and 37% of the research faculty and teaching faculty, respectively. They had a slightly higher representation in the academic positions of adjunct faculty (42.7 %) and postdoctoral researchers (42.6%).

title Tenure/Tenure-Track Faculty Levels - tenure

Engineering Faculty Women of Color

The most recent NCSES Survey of Doctorate Recipients (2017) shows that the median salary for women faculty in computer and information sciences was lower than that of their male peers at each faculty level. A similar trend in persistent gender gap in median salaries, which favors men, was also observed among engineering faculty across most faculty levels. The only notable exception was among engineering associate professors, where the median salary for women engineering faculty was higher than that of male faculty members at this rank.

Women Faculty by Race Ethnicity Rank


SWE Efforts to Increase Female Representation among Engineering and Computer Science Faculty


Additional Resources

  • Roy, J. (2020). Engineering by the numbers .American Society for Engineering Education.
  • National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics. 2019 and 2021. Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2019. Special Report NSF 19-304 and 21-321. Alexandria, VA. Available at https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/wmpd.
  • National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 2017.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) SEA Change, recognizing institutional transformation for a more diverse, equitable, and inclusive community.