While the proportion of women pursuing a higher education degree has increased from 40% in 1980 to 56% in 2017, 83% of undergraduates in engineering and technology and 83% of undergraduates in computer science programs are men (WES, 2018). Though the number of first degrees awarded in engineering to women has increased over the last years, the proportion of engineering and technology degrees awarded to females has remained relatively stagnant at slightly over 16% (HESA, 2018). In 2017-18 academic year, only 16.2% of the first degrees achieved in engineering and technology were obtained by women. In 2017, one of the highest percentages of females obtaining engineering first degrees was in the discipline of chemical, process, and energy engineering (24.2%) while the lowest percentage is in mechanical engineering, where women represent under 10% of the first degree holders.
First degrees achieved in engineering and technology, by gender, 2012-13 to 2017-18
Source: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA).
First degrees obtained, by gender and discipline, 2017
Source: EngineeringUK. (2019). Excel Resource 2019, EngineeringUK 2018: The state of engineering.
- (2019). Excel Resource 2019, EngineeringUK 2018: The state of engineering. Retrieved from https://www.engineeringuk.com/report-2018
- Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA). Retrieved from: https://www.hesa.ac.uk/data-and-analysis/students/outcomes
- (2018). Statistics on Women in Engineering. Retrieved from https://www.wes.org.uk/content/wesstatistics