The National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018) show that from 2000 to 2014, there has been an increase across several countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees. Since 2003, China outperforms the rest of the selected countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees that are awarded, with 18,537 engineering doctoral degrees awarded in 2014 compared to 10,330 in the U.S. Prior to 2003, the United States was the leading engineering doctoral degree producer among the selected countries. In 2014, Taiwan had the lowest representation of women (11%) in engineering doctoral degree holders. By contrast, in Australia, 30% of engineering doctoral degree earners were women.
Doctoral Degrees in Engineering of Selected Countries, 2000-2014
Earned Engineering Doctoral Degrees of Selected Countries, by Gender, 2014
- OECD (2017), Education at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing, Paris. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2017-en
- National Science Board. 2018. Science and Engineering Indicators 2018. NSB-2018-1. Alexandria, VA: National Science Foundation. Available at https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/indicators/.