Title IX was enacted by Congress in 1972 as part of the Education Amendments, focused on ensuring that no one in the United States would be subjected to sex discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving any type of federal financial assistance. Though best known for its influence on sports participation and scholarships, it is equally applicable to STEM participation and research supported by federal funds. Any institution receiving grant funding from federal agencies is required to comply with the rules of Title IX.
- The National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education released the Title IX at 50 report in June 2022 that provides background on how sex discrimination affects students, developments over the last 50 years, and policy recommendations. The report includes an issue brief on Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) & Career and Technical Education.
- SWE Magazine’s State of Women in Engineering special research issues often include articles focused on the progress made in STEM since Title IX was enacted.
- Find out more about filing a Title IX complaint and comments on proposed 2019 changes to Title IX from SWE, AAUW, and other organizations.
- The National Academies’ Committee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine released a report on 2018 that examined research on sexual harassment in academic science, engineering, and medicine. Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine summarized existing research on sexual harassment, analyzes the roots of harassment in academic science, engineering, and medicine, and makes a series of recommendations to address it.