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Global STEM Workforce

Global STEM R&D Researchers and Personnel In 2017, the percentage of female science and engineering researchers and personnel in research and development (R&D) across the world was about 30% according to a UNESCO brief report (UNESCO, 2020), which highlights a gender disparity in R&D labor force. Still, there are regions in the world where there…

Global Graduate Degrees

The National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018) show that from 2000 to 2014, there has been an increase across several countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees. Since 2003, China outperforms the rest of the selected countries in the number of engineering doctoral degrees that are awarded, with 18,537 engineering doctoral degrees…

Global Undergraduate Degrees

From 2000 to 2014, there has been a steady increase across several countries in the number of bachelor’s degrees or equivalent (termed “first university degrees” for international statistical comparisons) in engineering awarded as seen in the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018). While in 2014, the United States awarded 119,498 engineering degrees, China…

Global Career Expectations

Using 2015 PISA survey results, OECD published the brief report What kind of careers in science do 15-year-old boys and girls expect for themselves? (2017). The OECD average expectations show almost parity between boys’ and girls’ expectations of a science career, in which about 25% of respondents from each gender expect a science career. Yet,…

Global Degree Attainment

The OECD also reports that on average, among OECD countries, new entrants into the fields of engineering, manufacturing, and construction represented about 16% of all new entrants in tertiary education, which includes any post-secondary educational level except doctoral level. On average, among OECD countries, in 2015, women represented 24% of all new entrants in engineering,…

Global High School Preparation

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) studies gender equality in the areas of education, employment, and entrepreneurship. The OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international assessment that evaluates educational systems of countries all over the world. The PISA assessments and surveys occur once every three years and are meant to…