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Singapore Research Scientists and Engineers

In the latest National Survey of Research and Development in Singapore (2018) published by the Agency for Science, Technology, and Research in Singapore, the gender representation of research scientists and engineers were provided for the span of ten years (2008-2018). Over this time, women’s representation among research scientists and engineers has slowly increased. Women represented 26% of research scientists and engineers in 2008, and in 2018, their representation among these STEM workers increased to 30%.

Singapore Higher Education

Each year the Ministry of Education in Singapore publishes a report titled Education Statistics Digest, which provides information on gender representation of students admitted, enrolled, and graduated from engineering and engineering sciences across various higher education institutions in Singapore. Across the years of 2016 to 2019, the percentage of female students admitted to engineering and engineering sciences hovers around 22%. Similarly, about 22% of students who graduate from these fields are women in this time period.

Singapore Science and Engineering Career Expectations

Students were also surveyed in the 2018 PISA about their science and engineering career aspirations. While a higher proportion of male and female students from Singapore expect to have a science or engineering career by age 30 compared to the OECD average proportion of boys and girls, a gender difference is evident. Specifically, boys (26%) from Singapore are almost three times as likely to have these career expectations compared to girls (9%).

Singapore High School Preparation

The mathematics and science performance of 15-year-old students from Singapore was assessed in OECD’s 2018 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) assessment. Both male and female students from Singapore, on average, outperformed their counterparts from OECD countries in both subjects. Yet, boys performed slightly better than girls on both math and science portions of the PISA.