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SWE’s statement on the U.S. Supreme Court Ruling on Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health, which overturns the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision. Read More

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Canada Faculty

For 12 years, from 2008 to 2020, the proportion of female Canadian faculty members has been below 20%, except for 2018 (20.8%). The percentage of full-time female-identifying faculty increased from 16.2% to 17.6%. In 2020, the highest proportion of...

Canada Graduate Degrees

Since 2016, the enrollment of female students pursuing a master’s degree in engineering has been increasing over the years. However, in 2020 the amount decreased by almost 9% from the previous year to 26.7%. The proportion of master’s degrees awarded in engineering to females in 2020 was 25.5%, similar...

Canada Undergraduate Degrees

The proportion of female to male students awarded undergraduate engineering degrees in Canada has been steadily increasing. In 2020, the total number of engineering degrees awarded totaled 18,185, with 22.8% of those degrees awarded to women. The total number...

Canada Undergraduate Enrollment

Over the years, Canadian undergraduate enrollment of female students pursuing engineering degrees has steadily increased and has remained above 20% for the fifth year. As undergraduate enrollment increases, there has also been an increase in female-identifying students in engineering undergraduate programs. In 2020...

High School Preparation

High school preparation is associated with the math and science coursework taken in high school that helps prepare students to pursue an engineering degree. The gender gap in earned high school math and science credits has shrunk over the past few decades, with girls earning approximately the same amount of course credits as boys.

Global Undergraduate Degrees

From 2000 to 2014, the number of global undergraduate degrees or equivalent (termed “first university degrees” for international statistical comparisons) in engineering awarded has increased, as seen in the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Indicators (2018).

Global STEM Workforce

Over 120 national science academies and disciplinary associations from across the world participated in the surveys and reported on women’s science participation. The report found that women’s representation remained low from 2015 to 2020 across various countries in the world.

United Kingdom High School Preparation

A report published by EngineeringUK found that while girls are well-represented in General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) courses (part of compulsory schooling), such as physics (50%) and mathematics (50%), the percentages of girls’ representation are lowest among entrants in GCSE computing and engineering courses, where they comprised 21% and 14% of students taking these courses in the 2020-2021 academic year.

Earnings Gap

IIn all engineering and computer occupations, women's median earnings are less than those of men. The size of the gap varies by discipline, with female mechanical engineers having the smallest earnings cap (95% of male median earnings) while women in other fields receive only...

Title IX and STEM

Title IX was enacted by Congress in 1972 as part of the Education Amendments, focused on ensuring that no one in the United States would be subjected to sex discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving any type of federal financial assistance. Though best known for its influence on sports participation and scholarships, it is equally applicable to STEM participation and research supported by federal funds.

United Kingdom Engineering Workforce

In the United Kingdom, women represented 15.2% of workers in core engineering roles across any sector. However, within the engineering sector, their representation is slightly lower (12.5%) compared to their representation (24.4%) outside the engineering sector.