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Title IX and STEM

Title IX was enacted by Congress in 1972 as part of the Education Amendments, focused on ensuring that no one in the United States would be subjected to sex discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving any type of federal financial assistance. Though best known for its influence on sports participation and scholarships, it is equally applicable to STEM participation and research supported by federal funds.

Canada Faculty

For 12 years, from 2008 to 2020, the proportion of female Canadian faculty members has been below 20%, except for 2018 (20.8%). The percentage of full-time female-identifying faculty increased from 16.2% to 17.6%. In 2020, the highest proportion of...

Canada Graduate Degrees

Since 2016, the enrollment of female students pursuing a master’s degree in engineering has been increasing over the years. However, in 2020 the amount decreased by almost 9% from the previous year to 26.7%. The proportion of master’s degrees awarded in engineering to females in 2020 was 25.5%, similar...

Canada Undergraduate Degrees

The proportion of female to male students awarded undergraduate engineering degrees in Canada has been steadily increasing. In 2020, the total number of engineering degrees awarded totaled 18,185, with 22.8% of those degrees awarded to women. The total number...

Canada Undergraduate Enrollment

Over the years, Canadian undergraduate enrollment of female students pursuing engineering degrees has steadily increased and has remained above 20% for the fifth year. As undergraduate enrollment increases, there has also been an increase in female-identifying students in engineering undergraduate programs. In 2020...