In the 2017-18 academic year, colleges approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) enrolled 694,249 undergraduate students. Of those students, 29.7% were female. More recently, women represented 28.1% of participants in Bachelor of Engineering and Bachelor of Technology degree programs in the 2018-19 school year. Although mechanical engineering enrolls the highest number of undergraduates, women comprise only about 5.1% of these participants. Women are well represented among enrolled undergraduates in architecture (52.4%) and electronics engineering (43.2%) disciplines.
A similar trend is observed among undergraduate engineering and technology degree holders for the 2018-2019 academic year. While the discipline of mechanical engineering produces among one of the highest numbers of graduates, women are exceedingly underrepresented (5.5%) among these graduates. In the disciplines of architecture, information technology, and electronics engineering, women are slightly overrepresented among graduates, representing 55.4%, 49.2% and 49.2%, respectively, of the graduates.
Undergraduate Enrollment in Engineering & Technology Programs, by Gender, 2012-13 to 2017-18
Female Enrollment in Bachelor of Technology and Bachelor of Engineering, from 2011-2012 to 2018-2019
Percentage of Female Undergraduate Engineering and Technology Enrollment, by Program Discipline, 2018-2019
Percentage of Female Undergraduate Engineering & Technology Degree Holders, by Program Discipline, 2018-19
- All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
- Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), (2019). All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2018-19. New Delhi, India: Government of India, Department of Higher Education.
- Aspiring Minds. (2016). National employability report: Engineers. Annual Report 2016.